During the season of rains in certain regions of Japan, the forests begin to be populated of small lights: in the trunks of the trees and on the ground humid hundreds of mushrooms grow bioluminiscentes, that thanks to a chemical reaction produced by an enzyme, they emit a light that glows in a greenish tone.
The reason of the phenomenon of the mushrooms bioluminiscentes not yet has been explained scientifically, although according to the theory, is believed that is an answer to the need of survival: upon shining, attract insects that help to scatter spores in an environment where the dispersion by wind is very limited.
The luminescent mushrooms, they grow only in the native forests with many trees, where the human beings have interfered very little, for which its discovery is relatively, quite recent.
The phenomenon of luminescent mushrooms is produced among the end of May to July in the forests of the island Mesameyama in Ugui, in the Prefectura of Wakayama, although also copies in southern coastal zones of the peninsula have been found of Kii, in Kyushu and other regions. Thousands of visitors carry out you visit nocturnal guided by the forests of Masameyama to be dazzled with the spectacle.
Only in Japan, 10 varieties of luminescent mushrooms exist. Although small, the mushrooms live a few days and they can conform a true one “constelación” that seems to imitate in a small scale the sky crashed. The species of the images is known like Mycena lux-coeli, something as well as “hongos of celestial light”.
Other varieties of mushrooms exist bioluminiscentes that grow in the forests to the south of Brazil (Jack-o-Lantern Mushroom), capable to emit light during all the day.
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