At the same time that millions of Jews, gypsies, homosexual and disabled morían in fields of Nazi concentration, other millions of people lost the life in labor camps (Gulags) in the Soviet Union. Why the Nazi massacres were carried all the attention?
During the years of Joseph Stalin, who governed at the same time that Adolf Hitler during one of the convulsed and bloodiest epochs of the history, The compulsory works fields system was consolidated or gulags, obligatory exiles and massive deportations that cost the life to millions of people.
The objective was basically to have cheap labor that worked extracting minerals, long forests or building large works of infrastructure as part of a greater effort by converting to the Soviet Union in a world power.
For some historians, the fact that itself recall not more the victims of the gulags is that the life out of them was not a lot better. The loss of men during the First World War, the civil war that continued to the Bolshevik Revolution, the plans of agricultural collectivization and the Nazi invasion did not do of the Soviet Union (USSR) a particularly easy place for the everyday life.
In fact, in the slang of the gulags, the world beyond them wired was not synonym of liberty. The word in Russian was bolshaya, “la great prison”, larger and less deadly than the labor camp, but equal of inhuman.
Diverse reasons by the ones exist that nowadays the committed crimes by the Nazism are known more that by the Stalinism. While some historians explain it from the need that had the allies to include Moscow in their fight against Hitler, other they allege more practical reasons as the lack of photographs or videos of the gulags.
The available graphic documents of those precincts do not show corpses or dying prisoners. This enters inside the tight secrecy that during all Soviet was it surrounded the Stalinist repression.
According to Anne Applebaum, journalist of the Washington Post and author of book “Gulag: a history” that won the prize Pulitzer in 2004, “en our company a fact that is not illustrated for images simply does not exist”.
Another of the motives put forward is that the Soviet massacres do not inspire the same visceral reaction that cause the Nazi horrors because the death by famine, cold or own execution of the gulags, does not cause as much refusal as the gas chambers or the atrocious medical experiments carried out in the fields of the Germany nacionalsocialista.
Finally, for many is easier to look at with horror a system whose bases are the genocide of all a religion (the “solución final” against the Jews) and the control of the weak by a pure race, that one that aspired to the government of the town and the brotherhood of the workers beyond the borders as the communism.
Gulags and fields of Nazi concentration
The comparison with the fields of Nazi concentration is inevitable. In both it was very important to humiliate the prisoners and to deprive them of basic needs as food, dream or I shelter. In the two systems the figure of the “enemigo” was head office in the construction of the state identity and the consolidation of the car-perception of superiority.
In both cases, the fields of concentration and of works forced they complied political and economic functions. On the one hand, they withdrew of the company to the political opponents or “enemigos of the town” and by another they provided to the slave labor system.
But they exist you differentiate fundamental between the two systems: in the USSR the main function of the gulags was to prompt the productivity at the same time that the Stalinism got rid of itself political opponents as the trotkistas or of enemies of class like noble, middle-class, or farmers owners of the land.
In the Nazi case, although some fields were also setting of works forced, in most cases the only purpose was the extermination of the prisoners, who were directed to the gas chambers swims more to arrive at the precincts.
On the other hand, the prison sentence to works forced in a gulag was not a death sentence. Some they escaped and many completed their prison sentences and they lived again at liberty.
On the other hand, to escape from fields of Nazi concentration as Auschwitz or Mauthausen was practically impossible.
But what differentiates to both nightmares currently is that an is universally acquaintance while the other he continues being for many a mystery.
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